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United Kingdom

Description of United Kingdom

The full name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The Kingdom includes England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, which are geographically historical areas. The country is rich in natural areas and landscapes: the Pennines, lakes of the Lake District, swamps and limestone hills of the Exmoor and Dartmoor counties, fertile plains of the Kent County, hills and pastures of the eastern city Down, the Avon and the Thames Rivers, and the plain Midlands in central England.

UK climate is soft and characterized by humidity. The Gulf Stream has an important influence on the climate of the country. Even on a sunny morning, leaving home, the inhabitants of the UK take an umbrella. In winter, temperatures rarely drop below zero. There are many rains, and the fog has become a tradition in this country. The coastline is attractive for its coziness and beauty of the beaches, and fishing villages. In the south, there are colorful houses with thatched roofs.

Great Britain is a country with two thousand years of history. Historical events led the country from many eras of military conflicts, the time of world domination, when the country was the largest colonial power, to one of the most advanced countries of the world. Great Britain is a country with a great variety of cultural traditions, many historical places and monuments, striking in its beauty and singularity. It is not easy to grasp the historical depth and originality of this country to the visitors that come to visit historical places and learn about a variety of traditions. Of course, modernity has introduced its spirit and rules to the old traditions, providing its residents and visitors with luxury hotels, beauty of the lights and colors of the night United Kingdom, fashion boutiques and a wonderful selection of national dishes.

England is a large part of the historically administrative Britain, which is situated in the south-east of the large island of the United Kingdom. The country joined the union of once warring counties and takes its name from the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes. Scotland is an autonomous part of the United Kingdom, previously independent kingdom of northern Europe. Wales is one of the four main administrative and political parts of the UK, previously, an independent kingdom. Wales is located in the south-west of the country. Northern Ireland is one of the four parts of the UK, which is situated in the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland.

Some facts about United Kingdom

Population of country 62,348,447 people
Area of United Kingdom 244,820 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of United Kingdom London
Currency at United Kingdom Pound (GBP)
Domain Zone .uk
Phone country code 44
FIPS code of United Kingdom UK

Gallery of United Kingdom

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United Kingdom video guide

More information about United Kingdom

Climate of United Kingdom:
  • temperate
  • moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current
  • more than one-half of the days are overcast
Terrain of United Kingdom:
  • mostly rugged hills and low mountains
  • level to rolling plains in east and southeast
United Kingdom also has such useful resources as: coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land.

Top cities of United Kingdom


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 London 7,556,900 people England 51.50853 x -0.12574
2 Birmingham 984,333 people England 52.48142 x -1.89983
3 Glasgow 610,268 people Scotland 55.86515 x -4.25763
4 Liverpool 468,945 people England 53.41058 x -2.97794
5 Leeds 455,123 people England 53.79648 x -1.54785
6 Sheffield 447,047 people England 53.38297 x -1.4659
7 Edinburgh 435,791 people Scotland 55.95206 x -3.19648
8 Bristol 430,713 people England 51.45523 x -2.59665
9 Manchester 395,515 people England 53.48095 x -2.23743
10 Leicester 339,239 people England 52.6386 x -1.13169
11 Islington 319,143 people England 51.53622 x -0.10304
12 Coventry 308,313 people England 52.40656 x -1.51217
13 Hull 302,296 people England 53.7446 x -0.33525
14 Cardiff 302,139 people Wales 51.48 x -3.18
15 Bradford 299,310 people England 53.79391 x -1.75206
16 Belfast 274,770 people N Ireland 54.58333 x -5.93333
17 Stoke-on-Trent 260,419 people England 53.00415 x -2.18538
18 Wolverhampton 252,791 people England 52.58547 x -2.12296
19 Plymouth 247,297 people England 50.37153 x -4.14305
20 Nottingham 246,654 people England 52.9536 x -1.15047
21 Southampton 246,201 people England 50.90395 x -1.40428
22 Reading 244,070 people England 51.45625 x -0.97113
23 Derby 235,029 people England 52.92277 x -1.47663
24 London Borough of Harrow 216,200 people England 51.56667 x -0.33333
25 Dudley 199,059 people England 52.5 x -2.08333
26 Northampton 197,322 people England 52.25 x -0.88333
27 Portsmouth 194,150 people England 50.79899 x -1.09125
28 Luton 193,669 people England 51.87967 x -0.41748
29 Newcastle upon Tyne 192,382 people England 54.97328 x -1.61396
30 Preston 190,687 people England 53.76667 x -2.71667

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