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Thailand

Description of Thailand

Thailand is located in South-East Asia on the Indochina Peninsula; it is washed by the Andaman Sea in the south-west and by the Gulf of Thailand in the south-east. Its contours resemble an elephant's head, and the Thais often call Thailand "the land of the elephant," and the royal symbol is also a white elephant. The total area occupies 513 115 square kilometers, which is roughly the area of ​​France. The capital of Thailand is Bangkok (in Thai "Krung Thep", which means "City of Angels") and is the largest city of the country. In 1995, Bangkok was the 17th largest city in Asia with a population of about 7 million people. The highest point of the country, Doi Inthanon Mountain (2559m above sea level), is situated in the north-west of the country near the town of Chiang Mai. Along the country there are national parks and reserves, which include about 70 of them. There are hundreds of clean sandy beaches on the shores of the Andaman Sea in the south-west and of the Gulf of Thailand in the east of the country.

Thailand is bordered (moving clockwise from the north) by Laos, Cambodia, Malaysia and Myanmar (Burma). The oldest core of the future state was a settlement in the delta of the Chao Phraya River. The local fertile allow intensive farming and largely cover the needs of the country's foodstuff. In the east, surrounded by low mountain ranges (700-1000 m), lies a plateau of Korat, almost devoid of vegetation due to intensive logging. In the west of the country there is a mountain range (1500-2000 m), with impenetrable virgin forests; it serves as a barrier between the central regions and the border with Burma. This range covers the northern part of the Malay Peninsula, which lead to the mountainous terrain of southern Thailand. The southern coast of the country, with its countless bays and beaches, is washed by the waves of two seas: the Andaman Sea of the Indian Ocean in the west and the South China Sea, which includes the Gulf of Siam.

Thailand is located in the humid tropical forests. About 65% of its area is occupied by the jungle. The vegetation of Thailand is dominated by deciduous tropical (monsoon) forests, where grow teak and mahogany trees, sal, bamboo and others. In more humid areas, mainly in the mountains, on the raised edges of the plateau Korat, on the Isthmus of Kra and in the north-eastern coastal part there are evergreen moist forests. The main species of these forests are dipterocarpaceaes, hopeas, rubber plants, pandanuses and a variety of palms. In the coastal belt in the south, mangrove vegetation is developed. In the Korat Plateau there are a lot of savannas and thickets of thorny trees and bushes. On dry (leeward) slopes of the mountains, in the area of ​​700-1700 m, grow pine-oak forests, and in the upper zone of the mountains - evergreen shrubs. In the jungle one can find a lot of valuable tree species. Forest dwellers receive various pitches, balsams, resins, and varnishes from them. The fruits of some forest plants (mangosteen, duryan, and banana) are edible. Coconut and sago palms are of great economic importance. On the slopes of the Northern Region teak is growing. Its height is about 40 meters and the diameter of the trunk is of 2 meters. The wood of teak is extremely durable; it is an excellent material for the construction of ships and port facilities.

Almost all of Thailand belongs to the Indo-Malayan zoogeographic region. In the forests and bamboo thickets lives the variety of animals: rhinos, elephants, tapirs, tigers, leopards, wild cats, and squirrels. Especially is famous for monkeys. You can meet not only macaques but also apes - gibbons. In savannas, one can find antelopes, deer, wild buffaloes and wild bulls called gaurs and bantengs. Across the country, in the woods and fields, there is a mass of snakes, many of which are toxic, such as "colored belts" and the huge king cobras. There is also a variety of birds: pheasants, peacocks, parrots, hornbills, egrets, and Siamese Red-Cranes. In rivers live crocodiles and a variety of fish (mainly carp).

Some facts about Thailand

Population of country 67,089,500 people
Area of Thailand 514,000 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Southeast Asia (AS)
Capital of Thailand Bangkok
Currency at Thailand Baht (THB)
Domain Zone .th
Phone country code 66
FIPS code of Thailand TH

Gallery of Thailand

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Thailand video guide

More information about Thailand

Climate of Thailand:
  • tropical
  • rainy, warm, cloudy southwest monsoon (mid-May to September)
  • dry, cool northeast monsoon (November to mid-March)
  • southern isthmus always hot and humid
Terrain of Thailand:
  • central plain
  • Khorat Plateau in the east
  • mountains elsewhere
Thailand also has such useful resources as: tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land.

Top cities of Thailand


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Bangkok 5,104,476 people Bangkok 13.75 x 100.51667
2 Samut Prakan 388,920 people Changwat Samut Prakan 13.59934 x 100.59675
3 Mueang Nonthaburi 291,555 people Changwat Nonthaburi 13.86075 x 100.51477
4 Udon Thani 247,231 people Changwat Udon Thani 17.41567 x 102.78589
5 Chon Buri 219,164 people Changwat Chon Buri 13.3622 x 100.98345
6 Nakhon Ratchasima 208,781 people Changwat Nakhon Ratchasima 14.97066 x 102.10196
7 Chiang Mai 200,952 people Changwat Chiang Mai 18.79038 x 98.98468
8 Hat Yai 191,696 people Changwat Songkhla 7.00836 x 100.47668
9 Pak Kret 182,926 people Changwat Nonthaburi 13.91301 x 100.49883
10 Si Racha 178,916 people Changwat Chon Buri 13.17372 x 100.93111
11 Phra Pradaeng 171,333 people Changwat Samut Prakan 13.65854 x 100.53362
12 Lampang 156,139 people Changwat Lampang 18.29232 x 99.49277
13 Khon Kaen 147,579 people Changwat Khon Kaen 16.44671 x 102.833
14 Surat Thani 127,201 people Changwat Surat Thani 9.14011 x 99.33311
15 Ban Rangsit 123,382 people Changwat Pathum Thani 14.01667 x 100.73333
16 Ubon Ratchathani 122,533 people Changwat Ubon Ratchathani 15.22483 x 104.85289
17 Nakhon Si Thammarat 120,836 people Changwat Nakhon Si Thammarat 8.43333 x 99.96667
18 Khlong Luang 118,551 people Changwat Pathum Thani 14.06467 x 100.64578
19 Nakhon Pathom 117,927 people Changwat Nakhon Pathom 13.8196 x 100.04427
20 Rayong 106,737 people Changwat Rayong 12.68095 x 101.25798
21 Phitsanulok 103,427 people Changwat Phitsanulok 16.82481 x 100.25858
22 Chanthaburi 99,819 people Changawat Chanthaburi 12.60961 x 102.10447
23 Phatthaya 97,296 people Changwat Chon Buri 12.93333 x 100.88333
24 Yala 93,558 people Changwat Yala 6.53995 x 101.28128
25 Ratchaburi 92,448 people Changwat Ratchaburi 13.53671 x 99.81712
26 Nakhon Sawan 91,802 people Changwat Nakhon Sawan 15.70472 x 100.13717
27 Phuket 89,072 people Phuket Province 7.89059 x 98.3981
28 Ban Mai 86,899 people Changwat Songkhla 7.20411 x 100.54508
29 Songkhla 84,264 people Changwat Songkhla 7.19882 x 100.5951
30 Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya 81,962 people Changwat Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya 14.35167 x 100.57739

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