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Switzerland

Description of Switzerland

Switzerland has long been respected by the main European countries for preserving its independence and neutrality; Switzerland did not take part in the World War I and II. The political and economic integration of Europe and the role played by Switzerland in the UN, improved the relationship with its neighboring countries. The country was not included in the UN until 2002. Switzerland is actively involved in the international organizations and the United Nations, but it always adheres to neutrality.

Switzerland occupies an area of 41.3 thousand square kilometers. Its capital is Bern (number of population - 128 thousand persons). The Swiss officially doesn’t call Bern the capital, but the "federal city", emphasizing the equality of all the major cities of the cantons. Bern was founded in 1191. The city's name comes from the German word "Bar", which means “a bear”. The bear is present on the flag and coat of arms of the city, in sculptural compositions of fountains and churches, and in the names of restaurants and hotels. Bern is also the administrative center of the canton of Bern.

The date of the founding of the Swiss Confederation is August 1, 1291, when three forest cantons (lands) - Ur, Schwyz and Unterwalden, protecting the independence from the Austrian Habsburgs, entered the defense alliance ("perpetual union") under the "Holy Roman Empire". By the way, the name of Switzerland comes from the name of one of these cantons - Schwyz.

Some facts about Switzerland

Population of country 7,581,000 people
Area of Switzerland 41,290 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Switzerland Berne
Currency at Switzerland Franc (CHF)
Domain Zone .ch
Phone country code 41
FIPS code of Switzerland SZ

Gallery of Switzerland

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Switzerland video guide

More information about Switzerland

Climate of Switzerland:
  • temperate, but varies with altitude
  • cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters
  • cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers with occasional showers
Terrain of Switzerland:
  • mostly mountains (Alps in south, Jura in northwest) with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and large lakes
Switzerland also has such useful resources as: hydropower potential, timber, salt.

Top cities of Switzerland


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Zurich 341,730 people Kanton Zurich 47.36667 x 8.55
2 Geneve 183,981 people Canton de Geneve 46.20222 x 6.14569
3 Basel 164,488 people Basel-City 47.5584 x 7.57327
4 Bern 121,631 people Kanton Bern 46.94809 x 7.44744
5 Lausanne 116,751 people Canton de Vaud 46.516 x 6.63282
6 Winterthur 91,908 people Kanton Zurich 47.5 x 8.75
7 Sankt Gallen 70,572 people Kanton St. Gallen 47.42391 x 9.37477
8 Luzern 57,066 people Kanton Luzern 47.05048 x 8.30635
9 Zuerich (Kreis 11) 54,260 people Kanton Zurich 47.42326 x 8.52166
10 Biel 48,614 people Kanton Bern 47.1324 x 7.24411
11 Zuerich (Kreis 3) 46,018 people Kanton Zurich 47.35785 x 8.50296
12 Zuerich (Kreis 9) 44,878 people Kanton Zurich 47.38245 x 8.47993
13 Thun 42,136 people Kanton Bern 46.75118 x 7.62166
14 Koniz 37,196 people Kanton Bern 46.92436 x 7.41457
15 La Chaux-de-Fonds 36,825 people Canton de Neuchatel 47.09993 x 6.82586
16 Zuerich (Kreis 10) 36,216 people Kanton Zurich 47.40773 x 8.5005
17 Rapperswil 34,776 people Kanton St. Gallen 47.22557 x 8.82228
18 Schaffhausen, City Center 34,000 people Kanton Schaffhausen 47.69681 x 8.63346
19 Schaffhausen 33,863 people Kanton Schaffhausen 47.69732 x 8.63493
20 Zuerich (Kreis 7) 33,820 people Kanton Zurich 47.37328 x 8.58038
21 Fribourg 32,827 people Canton de Fribourg 46.80237 x 7.15128
22 Chur 32,429 people Kanton Graubunden 46.84986 x 9.53287
23 Neuchatel 31,270 people Canton de Neuchatel 46.99179 x 6.931
24 Vernier 30,086 people Canton de Geneve 46.21702 x 6.08497
25 Zuerich (Kreis 6) 29,951 people Kanton Zurich 47.39223 x 8.54381
26 Zuerich (Kreis 2) 29,215 people Kanton Zurich 47.33756 x 8.5211
27 Zuerich (Kreis 9) / Altstetten people x
28 Zuerich (Kreis 12) 28,189 people Kanton Zurich 47.40372 x 8.57608
29 Sion 28,045 people Canton du Valais 46.22908 x 7.35942
30 Lancy 27,291 people Canton de Geneve 46.18981 x 6.11441

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