...

Sofia

Sofia - description of the city:

Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria, located on the southern edge of the Sofia valley. The city is the administrative center of the Sofia region, the self administrative unit. It was founded in the 1st century A.D. by the Romans on the site of the Thracian settlement and was called Serdica. In the 2nd century A.D., it had the status of a colony and the right to mint its own coins. In the 3rd century A.D., it represented the capital of the Roman province of Dacia Mediterranean. In 447, Serdica was destroyed by the Huns, but later rebuilt in the 6th century by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian. In 809, it became part of the First Bulgarian Empire under the name of Sredets. Since the end of the 14th century is called Sofia (after the church of St. Sophia). From 1382 till early 1878, the city was under the Ottoman yoke. Since 1879 it became the capital of Bulgaria.

Currently Sofia is home to 1.38 million inhabitants. There are a transport interchange and an international airport. Sofia includes approximately the sixth of the total Bulgarian industrial production: diverse engineering (electrical, electronic, machine and instrumental industry, etc.), metals, chemicals, rubber, pulp and paper, food-processing and light industry. The city has the Academy of Sciences of Bulgaria, the University and theaters. Museums: the National and City Art Gallery, the Archaeological Museum. Moreover, there is the Botanical Garden, the Museum of Botany, and the Zoology Museum at the zoo. Architectural monuments include the ruins of the church of Hagia Sophia (6th century), the Turkish mosque (16th century), and the Memorial Church of Alexander Nevsky, built in honor of the Russian soldiers who died in the war for the liberation of Bulgaria from the Turkish authorities. There are a lot of numerous modern public buildings and apartment complexes in the city. Among the latter is the hotel building, designed by renowned Japanese architect Kisho Kurakava. The National Park is situated on the Mount Vitosha, near Sofia. Excavations of Roman antiquities are held on the territory of the capital.

Country Bulgaria
International title Sofia
Population 1,152,556 people
Timezone Europe/Sofia
State Oblast Sofiya-Grad
Geographic coordinates Latitude: 42.69751 x Longitude: 23.32415

Photo Galery Sofia

Places to visit in Sofia
#01: Places to visit in Sofia Places to visit in Sofia Sofia
Spending days in Sofia
#02: Spending days in Sofia Spending days in Sofia Sofia
Famous places of Sofia
#03: Famous places of Sofia Famous places of Sofia Sofia
Sightseeing in Sofia
#04: Sightseeing in Sofia Sightseeing in Sofia Sofia
Walks across Sofia
#05: Walks across Sofia Walks across Sofia Sofia
Travel across Sofia
#06: Travel across Sofia Travel across Sofia Sofia
Sights of Sofia
#07: Sights of Sofia Sights of Sofia Sofia
Unknown Sofia
#08: Unknown Sofia Unknown Sofia Sofia
Views of Sofia
#09: Views of Sofia Views of Sofia Sofia
The main attractions of Sofia
#10: The main attractions of Sofia The main attractions of Sofia Sofia
Magic world of Sofia
#11: Magic world of Sofia Magic world of Sofia Sofia
Nowadays of Sofia
#12: Nowadays of Sofia Nowadays of Sofia Sofia

Sofia video guide

Places to visit in Sofia

Famous Places

GrossMunster
Country: Switzerland

What Is The Grossmunster? The Grossmunter (the English translation is “great minister”) is a Protestant church in Switzerland, in the city of Zurich, and it is designed in the Romanesque style. It was of the 3 primary churches in Zuric ...

MozarthausVienna
Country: Austria

Domgasse 5 is the most famous of Mozart’s various homes in Vienna. He lived here with his family in 1784—7, and composed many of his masterpieces here, including The Marriage of Figaro. Restored for the anniversary year of 2006, the Mozarthaus ...

Igls
Country: Austria

This small town south of Innsbruck, which had long been popular as a holiday centre and winter-sports resort, was given a new face for the 1976 Winter Olympic Games when modern toboggan and bobsleigh runs were built. The nearby Patscherkofel (2,247 ...

Millstatt
Country: Austria

The greatest attraction in Millstatt, on the northern shore of Millstatter See, is a Benedictine Abbey dating from 1070. From then until 1469 it was run by the Hirsau Benedictines; later the monastery and church passed into the hands of the Order o ...

Arendal
Country: Norway

Arendal is the oldest town of Sorlandet’s. It is the administrative center for the region as well as for Aust-Agder County. The town was established during the 16th century. At that time it was called Arendall. There was not a formal town sta ...

Bulgaria Cities:
© 2016 secretworldwiki.com Contact Us