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Russia

Description of Russia

Russia is the largest country in the world, with a total area of 17,075,400 square kilometers, which is about 1.8 of the USA area. The country is located in the eastern part of Europe and the northern one of Asia. The main part of the European territory of the country lies within the East European Plain. The southern boundary is located in the North Caucasus. The main part of the Asian territory of Russia is on the West Siberian Plain and the Central Siberian Plateau. The territory of Russia covers 11 time zones.

Russia shares borders with Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, Estonia, Lithuania, Norway, Finland, Latvia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China and North Korea on land, and with Sweden, Turkey, Japan and the United States of America by sea.

The Russian Federation is a very big country, so the climate is rather diverse: from the cold Arctic in the north of Siberia and to subtropical hot climate on the coast of the Black Sea. The climate of Russia is mostly continental, but in the north is Arctic. The severity of the climate increases moving to the east of the country; the east of Siberia is characterized by severe, long and cold winters. In the north, the country is covered with snow most of the year. The south of Russia is characterized by hot summers with quite a lot of rain, and by cold and snowy winters.

The largest rivers of Russia are Volga, Lena, Irtysh, Yenisei, Ob, and Amur. The largest lakes are the Caspian Sea, the Aral Sea, the Lake Baikal, the Ladoga Lake, and the Onega Lake. Russia is rich in natural resources such as large deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, timber, diamonds and gold.

The total population is about 141.7 million people, with about 73% of the urban population. The national composition of Russia consists of Russians (81.5%), Tatars (3.8%), Ukrainians (2%), Chuvash (1.2%) and others. The official language is Russian. Each Autonomous Republic uses its own language as the second official language. There are different types of religions: Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish, etc.

Some facts about Russia

Population of country 140,702,000 people
Area of Russia 17,100,000 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Asia (EU)
Capital of Russia Moscow
Currency at Russia Ruble (RUB)
Domain Zone .ru
Phone country code 7
FIPS code of Russia RS

Gallery of Russia

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Russia video guide

More information about Russia

Climate of Russia:
  • ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia
  • subarctic in Siberia to tundra climate in the polar north
  • winters vary from cool along Black Sea coast to frigid in Siberia
  • summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast
Terrain of Russia:
  • broad plain with low hills west of Urals
  • vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia
  • uplands and mountains along southern border regions
Russia also has such useful resources as: wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, reserves of rare earth elements, timber.

Top cities of Russia


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Moscow 10,381,222 people Moscow 55.75222 x 37.61556
2 Saint Petersburg 4,039,745 people Sankt-Peterburg 59.89444 x 30.26417
3 Novosibirsk 1,419,007 people Novosibirskaya Oblast' 55.0415 x 82.9346
4 Yekaterinburg 1,287,573 people Sverdlovskaya Oblast' 56.8575 x 60.6125
5 Nizhniy Novgorod 1,284,164 people Nizhegorodskaya Oblast' 56.32867 x 44.00205
6 Samara 1,134,730 people Samarskaya Oblast' 53.2 x 50.15
7 Omsk 1,129,281 people Omskaya Oblast' 55 x 73.4
8 Kazan 1,104,738 people Respublika Tatarstan 55.78874 x 49.12214
9 Rostov-na-Donu 1,074,482 people Rostovskaya Oblast' 47.23639 x 39.71389
10 Chelyabinsk 1,062,919 people Chelyabinskaya Oblast' 55.15444 x 61.42972
11 Ufa 1,033,338 people Respublika Bashkortostan 54.78517 x 56.04562
12 Volgograd 1,011,417 people Volgogradskaya Oblast' 48.71939 x 44.50184
13 Perm' 982,419 people Perm Krai 58.01741 x 56.28552
14 Krasnoyarsk 927,200 people Krasnoyarskiy Kray 56.00972 x 92.79167
15 Saratov 863,725 people Saratovskaya Oblast' 51.56667 x 46.03333
16 Voronezh 848,752 people Voronezhskaya Oblast' 51.6699 x 39.19227
17 Tol'yatti 702,879 people Samarskaya Oblast' 53.5303 x 49.3461
18 Krasnodar 649,851 people Krasnodarskiy Kray 45.0488 x 38.9725
19 Ul'yanovsk 640,680 people Ul'yanovskaya Oblast' 54.33333 x 48.4
20 Izhevsk 631,038 people Udmurtskaya Respublika 56.85 x 53.23333
21 Yaroslavl' 606,730 people Yaroslavskaya Oblast' 57.62987 x 39.87368
22 Barnaul 599,579 people Altayskiy Kray 53.36056 x 83.76361
23 Vladivostok 587,022 people Primorskiy Kray 43.10562 x 131.87353
24 Irkutsk 586,695 people Irkutskaya Oblast' 52.29778 x 104.29639
25 Khabarovsk 579,000 people Khabarovsk Krai 48.48083 x 135.09278
26 Khabarovsk Vtoroy 578,303 people Khabarovsk Krai 48.44306 x 135.13556
27 Orenburg 550,204 people Orenburgskaya Oblast' 51.7727 x 55.0988
28 Novokuznetsk 539,616 people Kemerovskaya Oblast' 53.7557 x 87.1099
29 Ryazan' 520,173 people Ryazanskaya Oblast' 54.6269 x 39.6916
30 Tyumen 519,119 people Tyumenskaya Oblast' 57.15222 x 65.52722

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