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Malta

Description of Malta

Malta is an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea, located 90 km south of Sicily and 230 km from the North African coast. The country includes the islands of Malta, Gozo, Comino, Cominotto, Filfla, Manoel and others. Its total area is of 316.6 square kilometers. The coastline is heavily indented and abounds in bays, coves and cliffs. The relief of the islands is elevated, cliffy limestone rocks come out to the surface all over the area and completely form the landscape of the islands. Generally, barren hills with terraces occupy most of the island; only in Gozo the vegetation is denser.

Malta is an independent parliamentary republic. It is included in the Commonwealth. The head of the country is the president (has mostly representative authority). The executive power is held by the Government under the Prime Minister, who is the head of the winning party. The legislative body is represented by the House of Representatives (65 members).

The official languages are Maltese and English. Maltese is a Semitic language which has absorbed a lot of Italian, Arabic, English and Spanish vocabulary structures. There are 30 letters in the Maltese language and its pronunciation is rather complicated, so in all tourist areas English and Italian are spoken (about 50% of the population are fluent in Italian.)

The official monetary unit is Maltese Lira (Lm, MTL) which is equal to 100 cents, and a cent to 10 miles. There are banknotes with a face value of 2, 5, 10 and 20 liras; coins of 1 lira and 50, 25, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cent; and also of 5, 3 and 2 miles of "new" and "old" coinage. Also new coins of 25, 50 and 100 liras (in gold), and of 1, 2 and 5 liras (in silver) are entered into circulation. Lira is the only legal tender in the country. Foreign currency can be exchanged at most banks, as well as in hotels (the rate is usually less profitable), in specialized exchange offices at the airport (around the clock) and the seaport. When exchanging, it is advisable to keep your checks for subsequent reverse exchange. Only the main world currencies are subject to exchange, with the U.S. dollar exchange usually with less favorable rate than the euro. Credit cards and traveler’s checks are accepted without restrictions in most hotels, restaurants and shops; there is also an extensive network of cash dispensers.

Some facts about Malta

Population of country 403,000 people
Area of Malta 316 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Europe (EU)
Capital of Malta Valletta
Currency at Malta Euro (EUR)
Domain Zone .mt
Phone country code 356
FIPS code of Malta MT

Gallery of Malta

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Malta video guide

More information about Malta

Climate of Malta:
  • Mediterranean
  • mild, rainy winters
  • hot, dry summers
Terrain of Malta:
  • mostly low, rocky, flat to dissected plains
  • many coastal cliffs
Malta also has such useful resources as: limestone, salt, arable land.

Top cities of Malta


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Birkirkara 21,676 people 35.89722 x 14.46111
2 Qormi 18,230 people 35.87601 x 14.472
3 Mosta 17,789 people 35.90917 x 14.42556
4 Zabbar 15,030 people 35.87611 x 14.535
5 Rabat 12,914 people 35.87417 x 14.39415
6 San Gwann 12,346 people 35.90556 x 14.47611
7 Fgura 11,819 people 35.87028 x 14.51333
8 Zejtun 11,549 people 35.85583 x 14.53306
9 Sliema 11,318 people 35.9125 x 14.50194
10 Zebbug 11,063 people 35.87194 x 14.44111
11 Hamrun 10,680 people 35.88472 x 14.48444
12 Naxxar 10,378 people 35.91361 x 14.44361
13 Attard 9,510 people 35.88972 x 14.4425
14 Paola 9,257 people 35.87306 x 14.49889
15 Zurrieq 9,149 people 35.83111 x 14.47417
16 Birzebbuga 8,668 people 35.82583 x 14.52694
17 Tarxien 7,761 people 35.86583 x 14.515
18 Siggiewi 7,676 people 35.85556 x 14.43639
19 Il-Gzira 7,513 people 35.90583 x 14.48806
20 San Pawl il-Bahar 7,396 people 35.95064 x 14.41561
21 Msida 6,920 people 35.8925 x 14.48278
22 San Giljan 6,799 people 35.91839 x 14.48977
23 Valletta 6,794 people 35.89972 x 14.51472
24 Victoria 6,596 people 36.04444 x 14.23972
25 Santa Vennera 6,264 people 35.89083 x 14.47417
26 Cospicua 6,096 people 35.88556 x 14.5275
27 Mellieha 5,976 people 35.95639 x 14.36222
28 Is-Swieqi 5,973 people 35.9225 x 14.48
29 Marsa 5,116 people 35.87917 x 14.49528
30 Luqa 5,053 people 35.85889 x 14.48861

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