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India

Description of India

India is a country in South Asia. It is a federal republic consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories under the central government. India is also a part of the Commonwealth. It borders with Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan in the north; with Myanmar, Bangladesh in the east; and with Pakistan in the west. The country occupies a 3.3 million sq.km. area. The Indian Union is composed of 28 states and seven union territories ruled by the center. The states are Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chatisgarh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Odysseus, Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Utranchal, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Three new states - Chhatisgar, Jharkhand and Utranchal - were established quite recently. Among the union territories are the islands of Andeman and Nikoba, Chandigarh, Daman and Diyu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Delhi, Lakshadweep and Pondicherry.

India is located within three major orographic regions: the Himalayas, the Indo-Gangetic plain and the Deccan plateau of the Hindustan peninsula. Deccan is a vast ancient land mass, composed of Precambrian crystalline rocks, mainly gneisses, granites and slates. A significant part of the surface is covered with volcanic lava, with the largest lava cover in the north-west. Deccan was part of the ancient continent of Gondwana, uniting South America, Africa and India, which broke up into several parts approximately 200 million years ago. There is the vast Indo-Gangetic plain lying between Deccan and the Himalayas.

Part of the Eastern Himalayas within India is characterized by high altitudes, but the structure of the mountains is less complex. A swampy, jungle-covered strip of Terai stretches to the north of the Ganges valley (local name of its natural vegetable cover), above which a belt of merging proluvial trails rises gradually at the foot of the mountains Sivalik. Straight north tower the Lesser Himalayan ranges (up to 3000 m). The next stage of the altitude make the Great Himalayas (5500-5800 m), including Chomolungma (Everest, 8848 m) in Nepal and Kanchenjunga (8598 m), which is India’s highest point.

Some facts about India

Population of country 1,173,108,018 people
Area of India 3,287,590 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Asia (AS)
Capital of India New Delhi
Currency at India Rupee (INR)
Domain Zone .in
Phone country code 91
FIPS code of India IN

Gallery of India

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India video guide

More information about India

Climate of India:
  • varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north
Terrain of India:
  • upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north
India also has such useful resources as: coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.

Top cities of India


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Mumbai 12,691,836 people State of Maharashtra 19.01441 x 72.84794
2 Delhi 10,927,986 people NCT 28.66667 x 77.21667
3 Bengalore 5,104,047 people State of Karnataka 12.97623 x 77.60329
4 Calcutta 4,631,392 people Bengal 22.56972 x 88.36972
5 Chennai 4,328,063 people State of Tamil Nadu 13.08784 x 80.27847
6 Ahmadabad 3,719,710 people State of Gujarat 23.03333 x 72.61667
7 Hyderabad 3,597,816 people State of Andhra Pradesh 17.37528 x 78.47444
8 Pune 2,935,744 people State of Maharashtra 18.51957 x 73.85535
9 Surat 2,894,504 people State of Gujarat 21.16667 x 72.83333
10 Kanpur 2,823,249 people Uttar Pradesh 26.46667 x 80.35
11 Jaipur 2,711,758 people Rajasthan 26.91667 x 75.81667
12 Lucknow 2,472,011 people Uttar Pradesh 26.85 x 80.91667
13 Nagpur 2,228,018 people State of Maharashtra 21.15 x 79.1
14 Raigarh Fort 2,207,929 people State of Maharashtra 18.25 x 73.43333
15 Indore 1,837,041 people State of Madhya Pradesh 22.71792 x 75.8333
16 Patna 1,599,920 people State of Bihar 25.6 x 85.11667
17 Bhopal 1,599,914 people State of Madhya Pradesh 23.26667 x 77.4
18 Ludhiana 1,545,368 people State of Punjab 30.9 x 75.85
19 Agra 1,430,055 people Uttar Pradesh 27.18333 x 78.01667
20 Vadodara 1,409,476 people State of Gujarat 22.3 x 73.2
21 Gorakhpur 1,324,570 people Haryana 29.45 x 75.68333
22 Nasik 1,289,497 people State of Maharashtra 19.98333 x 73.8
23 Pimpri 1,284,606 people State of Maharashtra 18.61667 x 73.8
24 Kalyan 1,262,255 people State of Maharashtra 19.25 x 73.15
25 Thane 1,261,517 people State of Maharashtra 19.2 x 72.96667
26 Meerut 1,223,184 people Uttar Pradesh 28.98333 x 77.7
27 Faridabad 1,220,229 people Haryana 28.43333 x 77.31667
28 Ghaziabad 1,199,191 people Uttar Pradesh 28.66667 x 77.43333
29 Dombivli 1,193,000 people State of Maharashtra 19.21667 x 73.08333
30 Rajkot 1,177,362 people State of Gujarat 22.3 x 70.78333

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