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Equatorial Guinea

Description of Equatorial Guinea

Equatorial Guinea is located in West Africa. It is divided into 2 parts, a mainland and islands. It was formerly a colony of Spain and shares borders with Gabon and Cameroon. Equatorial Guinea is one of the biggest producers of oil in the Sub Sahara, following behind Nigeria and Angola. Since the country was discovered it has become an economic star. However, it is one of the most corrupt countries of the world as well. It is not uncommon to see the leaders of the country asking for bribes from all corners of the earth.

History

It is believed that there was a large pygmy population in the Rio Muni region. Now there are only isolated pockets of these people left in the north. There were Bantu migrations that took place between the 17th century and the 19th century which brought some coastal tribes to the area and at a later time the Fang.

Fernao do Po, a Portuguese explorer who was looking for a way to India, is given the credit of discovering Bioko island in the year 1472. Po named the island Formosa which means beautiful. However, the island was quickly renamed after its discoverer. Fernando Po and the island Annobon became Portuguese colonies in the year 1474.

In the year 1778, the island, with the adjacent islets as well as commercial rights of the mainland were given to Spain in exchange for territory located on the American continent. A base was established by the United Kingdom from the year 1827 through 1843 for slave trade. This was moved to Sierra Leone in 1843 upon an agreement with Spain. In the year 1844, it became known as the Spanish territory of Guinea Ecuatorial. The portion of the mainland was called Rio Muni and it became a protectorate in the year 1885 and in 1900 a colony. By the year 1959 all 3 of the regions were combined to become Spanish Guinea.

The country gained its independence from Spain in 1968. Since that time it has been ruled by the first president, Francisco Macias Nguema, who was a brutal dictator that despised intellectuals. He killed many of the Bubi minority and banned fishing. He also gave himself several titles including one that was president for life. In the year 1979 he was overthrown by Teodoro Oblang. Nguema was eventually captured and shot.

Oblang has ruled with less violence, but the regime is still extremely repressive. Political power is central to his small clan and most of the senior members of government are related in some way. There has been a considerable amount of wealth brought to the country after oil was discovered in 1996. Most of the money goes to the government and most of the people who live their remain poor.

Visiting Equatorial Guinea

The language of the country is officially Spanish. French and Portuguese are spoken in the country as a well. There are a few people who speak English, even if you are in the capital city.

There are many beaches in the country, which is something to consider during your sight seeing. You will want to make sure you take the appropriate measures in order to stay safe when you are visiting the beaches.

There are some great places to eat in Equatorial Guinea, especially in Malabo. There are coffee shops, pizza places, as well as Asian cuisine, and other great restaurants. There is a lot of wine available in the country and a lot of bars as well. There are a number of places to stay in the country because of the many foreign workers and investors.

When visiting you should know that you cannot take photos of any of the government buildings unless you get permission to do so. You should not photograph government buildings, airports, or anything that has to do with the military or that could be considered of strategic value. Most of the people in the country do not like to have their picture taken; this is true even of the children. A general rule to follow is to simply not bring a camera with you when you are walking through town as you will likely end up in trouble with the police. You should also avoid conversations about politics while you are visiting.

Some facts about Equatorial Guinea

Population of country 1,014,999 people
Area of Equatorial Guinea 28,051 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Africa (AF)
Capital of Equatorial Guinea Malabo
Currency at Equatorial Guinea Franc (XAF)
Domain Zone .gq
Phone country code 240
FIPS code of Equatorial Guinea EK

Gallery of Equatorial Guinea

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Equatorial Guinea video guide

More information about Equatorial Guinea

Climate of Equatorial Guinea:
  • tropical
  • always hot, humid
Terrain of Equatorial Guinea:
  • coastal plains rise to interior hills
  • islands are volcanic
Equatorial Guinea also has such useful resources as: petroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay.

Top cities of Equatorial Guinea


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Bata 173,046 people Provincia de Litoral 1.86453 x 9.76828
2 Malabo 155,963 people Provincia de Bioko Norte 3.75 x 8.78333
3 Ebebiyin 24,831 people Provincia de Kie-Ntem 2.15106 x 11.33528
4 Aconibe 11,192 people 1.29683 x 10.93691
5 Anisoc 10,191 people 1.84839 x 10.76675
6 Luba 8,655 people Provincia de Bioko Sur 3.45683 x 8.55465
7 Evinayong 8,462 people Provincia de Centro Sur 1.43677 x 10.55124
8 Mongomo 6,393 people Provincia de Wele-Nzas 1.62742 x 11.31346
9 Mikomeseng 5,813 people 2.13609 x 10.61322
10 Rebola 5,450 people 3.71667 x 8.83333
11 Pale 4,433 people Provincia de Annobon -1.40139 x 5.6325
12 Mbini 4,062 people 1.57402 x 9.61341
13 Nsok 3,769 people 1.12985 x 11.26603
14 Ayene 3,482 people 1.85592 x 10.68994
15 Machinda 2,897 people 1.88262 x 9.95133
16 Acurenam 2,736 people 1.03225 x 10.64882
17 Santiago de Baney 2,365 people 3.6992 x 8.9084
18 Bicurga 2,318 people 1.58113 x 10.46716
19 Nsang 2,122 people 2.02475 x 10.94599
20 Ncue 1,683 people 2.01162 x 10.46373
21 Bitica 1,464 people 1.4261 x 9.62316
22 Rio Campo 1,105 people 2.33812 x 9.82212

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