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Cuba

Description of Cuba

Cuba is the largest of the islands in the Caribbean. It is located between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Cuba is about 145 kilometers south of Key West, Florida. It is north and west of Jamaica, east of Mexico, west of Haiti, and sits between the Bahamas and the Cayman Islands.

History

Cuba became independent in 1902 and since that time it has been a satellite state of America. The economy of Cuba is dependent on America and the 2nd most important person on the island was the ambassador from America. During these times the population of Cuba lived mostly in poverty and the inequalities socially were quite large. It was also during this time frame that the island became a popular place for people from the United States to vacation. The main reason for this was because of the European beauty of Havana as well as the high standard of living that the people of the islands enjoyed. There were many citizens from the United States who had beach homes on the island for the summer months. there were also large American companies that owned land and factories in the country.

In the year 1952 Fulgencio Batista who was a former general and president robbed an election and this caused public discontent as well as political turmoil. The authoritarian government combined with the social inequalities, corruption, combined with the fact that the island was considered a satellite of the United States culminated in a revolution that was led by Fidel Castro. The United States embargo after the war plus a growing relationship with Russia turned the Cuban Revolution into a socialist revolution, which in effect turned the country into a communist state.

Since the end of the revolution, the communist government of Cuba has outlawed any protests against the Castro regime. There were several positive aspects brought about by the revolution as well. There were changes made to wipe out illiteracy, life expectancy is higher, infant mortality rates are lower than those of the United States, and the education and healthcare system are famous throughout the world. Independence from the U.S. combined with a sustainable development and other accomplishments made Fidel Castro a hero among Latinos as his country stood up to the United States and was able to survive.

After the year 1959, tourism diminished. The only people that really visit the island are from the Soviet bloc. Many of the facilities were not renewed until during the 90s when the country lost funding from the Soviet Union and Cuba opened its doors once again to foreign tourism. Canadians, Europeans, and even some Americans now visit Cuba once again. Since the year 2009, citizens of the United States who have relatives on the island are allowed to visit and many Cubans have been provided with the right to travel abroad for up to 2 years under Raul Castro’s rule.

Cities and Other Destinations

Havana is the capital of the country and offers a swinging night life as well as many other activities. The first capital of the island was Baracoa, which is a beach side town. Some of the other cities on the island include Santa Clara, Pinar del Rio, Trinidad, Varadero, and Santiago de Cuba.

Cayo Largo is a smaller island that offers nudist facilities. The Isla de la Juventud is south of Havana and worth visiting as well. Cayo Guillermo and Cayo Coco are two beach resorts located on Jardines del Rey. There are some snorkeling and diving options available at Maria la Gorda.

There are several national parks in Cuba as well including Vinales, which offers caves and mountains. it also has the best tourist facilities of all of the national parks of the country. Another national park is La Guira National Park. It offers caves and mountains as well, but there are not very many tourist facilities.

The Biosphere Reserve is a UNESCO site located in the Sierra del Rosario mountains. the main sites are Las Terrazzo’s and Soroa. Zapata National Park is very similar to the everglades found in Florida. Here you will be able to visit vast swamps and go scuba diving, bird watching, and enjoy the beach. This is also the site of the Bay of Pigs invasion that occurred in 1961.

Some facts about Cuba

Population of country 11,423,000 people
Area of Cuba 110,860 sq. kilometers
Located on the continent Central America and the Caribbean (NA)
Capital of Cuba Havana
Currency at Cuba Peso (CUP)
Domain Zone .cu
Phone country code 53
FIPS code of Cuba CU

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Cuba video guide

More information about Cuba

Climate of Cuba:
  • tropical
  • moderated by trade winds
  • dry season (November to April)
  • rainy season (May to October)
Terrain of Cuba:
  • mostly flat to rolling plains, with rugged hills and mountains in the southeast
Cuba also has such useful resources as: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land.

Top cities of Cuba


City Name Population State Coordinates
1 Havana 2,163,824 people Provincia de La Habana 23.13302 x -82.38304
2 Santiago de Cuba 555,865 people Provincia de Santiago de Cuba 20.02472 x -75.82194
3 Camaguey 347,562 people Provincia de Camaguey 21.38083 x -77.91694
4 Holguin 319,102 people Provincia de Holguin 20.88722 x -76.26306
5 Guantanamo 272,801 people Provincia de Guantanamo 20.14444 x -75.20917
6 Santa Clara 250,512 people Provincia de Villa Clara 22.4 x -79.96667
7 Las Tunas 203,684 people Las Tunas 20.96167 x -76.95111
8 Bayamo 192,632 people Provincia Granma 20.37917 x -76.64333
9 Pinar del Rio 186,990 people Provincia de Pinar del Rio 22.4175 x -83.69806
10 Cienfuegos 186,644 people Provincia de Cienfuegos 22.14611 x -80.43556
11 Matanzas 146,733 people Provincia de Matanzas 23.04111 x -81.5775
12 Ciego de Avila 142,027 people Provincia de Ciego de Avila 21.84 x -78.76194
13 Manzanillo 128,188 people Provincia Granma 20.34333 x -77.11667
14 Sancti Spiritus 127,069 people Provincia de Sancti Spiritus 21.92972 x -79.4425
15 Palma Soriano 102,826 people Provincia de Santiago de Cuba 20.21722 x -75.99889
16 Alamar 100,000 people Provincia de La Habana 23.15833 x -82.27694
17 Cardenas 98,515 people Provincia de Matanzas 23.0375 x -81.20472
18 Moa 92,852 people Provincia de Holguin 20.65694 x -74.94028
19 Puerto Padre 76,838 people Las Tunas 21.195 x -76.60278
20 Contramaestre 70,438 people Provincia de Santiago de Cuba 20.29778 x -76.24139
21 Guira de Melena 69,879 people Provincia Mayabeque 22.79056 x -82.50528
22 Consolacion del Sur 69,857 people Provincia de Pinar del Rio 22.50472 x -83.51361
23 Gueines 68,935 people 22.83611 x -82.02806
24 Artemisa 68,073 people Provincia Artemisa 22.81306 x -82.76194
25 San Luis 67,293 people Provincia de Santiago de Cuba 20.1875 x -75.85083
26 Moron 66,060 people Provincia de Ciego de Avila 22.10944 x -78.6275
27 Colon 63,882 people Provincia de Matanzas 22.71917 x -80.90583
28 Florida 63,007 people Provincia de Camaguey 21.52472 x -78.22583
29 Sagua la Grande 62,073 people Provincia de Villa Clara 22.80667 x -80.07556
30 Trinidad 60,206 people Provincia de Sancti Spiritus 21.80194 x -79.98417

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